Modelización de los efectos macroeconómicos del calentamiento global

Javier Andrés
Rafael Doménech
Francisca Herranz-Báez

En este artículo realizamos una panorámica de los modelos macroeconómicos medioambientales que abordan los costes económicos del cambio climático, y simulan los efectos de las políticas con las que reducir las emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero, mediante impuestos medioambientales que reflejen el coste social del carbono y las inversiones en nuevas tecnologías que permiten reducir o capturar las emisiones de CO2 y producir energía verde. En el artículo también se resumen los principales resultados de la investigación empírica que, utilizando distintas metodologías econométricas, estima los efectos económicos del cambio climático y de la imposición medioambiental.


Palabras clave:
cambio climático, calentamiento global, transición energética, modelización
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