Diversidad de género y colaboración para la innovación en las empresas españolas

Angie Mariana Aray
Isabel Álvarez

El objetivo de este trabajo es estudiar el efecto de la diversidad de género en I+D en las empresas españolas sobre la decisión de colaborar con otros agentes para la innovación. Los resultados confirman que siendo significativa la presencia relativa de mujeres en los equipos de I+D, el impacto es notablemente más elevado en la probabilidad de cooperar en I+D con universidades y centros de investigación. Además, se observan diferencias en el caso de las empresas internacionalizadas, siendo mayor el efecto que tiene el porcentaje de mujeres empleadas en I+D sobre la colaboración para la innovación en aquellas empresas exportadoras y que además pertenecen a un grupo extranjero.

Article Details

Palabras clave:
diversidad de género, I D, innovación, colaboración en I D

Alsos, G. A., Ljunggren, E., & Hytti, U. (2013). Gender and Innovation: State of the Art and a Research Agenda. International Journal of Gender and Entrepreneurship, 5(3), 236-256. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJGE-06-2013-0049

Amoroso, S., & Audretsch, D. B. (2020). The role of gender in linking external sources of knowledge and R&D intensity. Economics of Innovation and New Technology, 1-17. https://doi.org/10.1080/10438599.2020.1844038

Becker, W., & Dietz, J. (2002). Innovation effects of R&D cooperation in the German manufacturing industry. Working paper University of Augsburg.

Belderbos, R. A., Carree, M. A., Diederen, B., Lokshin, B., & Veugelers, R. (2004). Heterogeneity in R&D Cooperation Strategies. International Journal of Industrial Organization, 22(8-9), 1237-1263.

Bührer, S., Kalpazidou Schmidt, E., Palmén, R., & Reidl, S. (2020). Evaluating gender equality effects in research and innovation systems. Scientometrics, 125(2), 1459-1475. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11192-020-03596-1

Cappellari, L., & Jenkins, S. P. (2003). Multivariate probit regression using simulated maximum likelihood. Stata Journal, 3(3), 278-294.

Cassiman, B., & Veugelers, R. (2002). R&D Cooperation and Spillovers: Some Empirical Evidence from Belgium. American Economic Review, 92(4), 1169-1184.

Chesbrough, H. W. (2003). Open Innovation: The New Imperative for Creating and Profiting From Technology. Harvard Business School Press.

Cohen, W. M., & Levinthal, D. A. (1990). Absorptive Capacity: A New Perspective on Learning and Innovation. Administrative Science Quarterly, 35(1), 128-152. https://doi.org/10.2307/2393553

Das, T. K., & Teng, B. S. (2000). A Resource-Based Theory of Strategic Alliances. Journal of Management - J MANAGE, 26(1), 31-61.

De Bondt, R., Slaets, P., & Cassiman, B. (1992). The degree of spillovers and the number of rivals for maximum effective R&D. International Journal of Industrial Organization, 10(1), 35-54.

Díaz-Faes, A. A., Otero-Hermida, P., Ozman, M., & D’Este, P. (2020). Correction: Do women in science form more diverse research networks than men? An analysis of Spanish biomedical scientists. PLoS ONE, 15(12), e0244622. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0244622

Díaz-García, C., González-Moreno, A., & Sáez-Martínez, F. J. (2013). Gender diversity within R&D teams: its impact on radicalness of innovation. Innovation: Management, Policy & Practice, 15(2), 149-160.

Fagerberg, J. (2004). Innovation: A guide to the Literature. In J. Fagerberg, D. Mowery, & R. Nelson (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Innovation (pp. 1-26). Oxford University Press. Oxford, 2004.

Fernández, J. (2015). The impact of gender diversity in foreign subsidiaries’ innovation outputs. International Journal of Gender and Entrepreneurship, 7(2), 148-167. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJGE-07-2014-0022

Fernández Sastre, J. (2016). Gender diversity and knowledge innovation barriers. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, 27(2-3), 193-212.

Foss, L., Woll, K., & Moilanen, M. (2013). Creativity and implementations of new ideas. Do organisational structure, work environment and gender matter? International Journal of Gender and Entrepreneurship, 5(3), 298-322.

Fritsch, M., & Rolf, L. (2001). Who cooperates on R&D? Research Policy, 30(2), 297-312.

García Martínez, M., Zouaghi, F., & García Marco, M. T. (2016). Diversity is strategy: the effect of R&D team diversity on innovative performance. R&D Management, 47(2), 311-329.

Hagedoorn, J. (2002). Inter-firm R&D partnerships: an overview of major trends and patterns since 1960. Research Policy, 31(4), 477-492.

Jackson, S. E., & Joshi, A. (2004). Diversity in social context: a multi-attribute, multi-level analysis of team diversity and performance. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 25(6), 675-702.

Kaiser, U. (2002). An empirical test of models explaining research expenditures and research cooperation: evidence for the German service sector. International Journal of Industrial Organization, 20(6), 747-774.

Leiponen, A. (2002). Why do firms not collaborate? The role of competencies and technological regimes. In A. Kleinknecht, & P. Mohnen (eds.), Innovation and Firm Performance: Econometric Exploration of Survey Data (pp. 253-277). Palgrave.

Ljunggren, E., Alsos, G. A., Amble, N., Ervik, R., Kvidal, T., & Wiik, R. (2010). Gender and Innovation. Learning from Regional VRI-Projects. NF-rapport nr. 2/2010, Nordland Research Institute. Bodø.

Lundvall, B. A. (2010). National Systems of Innovation: Toward a Theory of Innovation and Interactive Learning, Vol. 2. Anthem Press.

OECD/Eurostat. (2018). Oslo Manual 2018: Guidelines for Collecting, Reporting and Using Data on Innovation, 4th Edition. The Measurement of Scientific, Technological and Innovation Activities. OECD Publishing, Paris/Eurostat.

Østergaard, C. R., Timmermans, B., & Kristinsson, K. (2011). Does a Different View Create Something New? The Effect of Employee Diversity on Innovation. Research Policy, 40(3), 500-509. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2010.11.004

Otero, P., Cañibano, C., & Castro, E. (2020). Mujeres e Innovación 2020. Observatorio Mujeres, Ciencia e Innovación. Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación. Madrid.

Schumpeter, J. A. (1934). The theory of economic development: An inquiry into profits, capital, credit, interest, and the business cycle. Harvard University Press.

Striebing, C., Schmidt, E. K., Palmen, R., Holzinger, F., & Nagy, B. (2020). Women Underrepresentation in R&I: A Sector Program Assessment of the Contribution of Gender Equality Policies to Research and Innovation. Evaluation and Program Planning, 79, 101749. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.evalprogplan.2019.101749

Teruel, M., Parra, M. D., & Segarra, A. (2015). Gender diversity and innovation in manufacturing and service firms. Document de Treball 15-2015, Departament D'economia CREIP. Universitat Rovira I Virgili.

Teruel, M., & Segarra, A. (2017). The Link between Gender Diversity and Innovation: What is the Role of Firm Size? International Review of Entrepreneurship, 15(3), 319-340.

West, J., & Gallagher, S. (2006). Challenges of open innovation: the paradox of firm investment in open-source software. R&D Management, 36(3), 319-331.

Wooldridge, J. M. (2010). Econometric analysis of cross section and panel data. MIT Press.